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ROMANS - The Lord is our Righteousness

Studies in the Letter of Paul to the Romans

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The Opening: Salutation, Thanks to God, and Emphasis on “God’s Righteousness” As the Motto of his Epistle (Romans 1:1-17)
a) Identification and apostolic benediction (Romans 1:1-7)
b) Paul’s Longstanding Desire to Visit Rome (Romans 1:8-15)
c) The Righteousness of God is Established and Realized in us Through Constant Faith (Romans 1:16-17)
PART 1 - The Righteousness of God Condemns all Sinners and Justifies and Sanctifies all Believers in Christ (Romans 1:18 - 8:39)
A - The Whole World Lies under the Sway of the Wicked One, and God will Judge all in Righteousness (Romans 1:18 - 3:20)
1. The Wrath of God against the Nations is Revealed (Romans 1:18-32)

2. The Wrath of God is Revealed against the Jews (Romans 2:1 - 3:20)
a) He who Judges Others Condemns Himself (Romans 2:1-11)
b) The Law, or the Conscience Condemns Man (Romans 2:12-16)
c) Man is Saved not by Knowledge, but by Works (Romans 2:17-24)
d) Circumcision is Spiritually Unprofitable (Romans 2:25-29)

e) The Privilege of the Jews does not Save them from the Anger (Romans 3:1-8)
3. All Men are Corrupt and Blamable (Romans 3:9-20)
B - The New Righteousness by Faith is Open to all Men (Romans 3:21 - 4:22)
1. The Revelation of the Righteousness of God in the Atoning Death of Christ (Romans 3:21-26)
2. We are Justified by Faith in Christ (Romans 3:27-31)

3. Abraham and David as an Example of Justification by Faith (Romans 4:1-24)
a) Abraham’s Faith was Accounted to him for Righteousness (Romans 4:1-8)
b) Man is not Justified by Circumcision (Romans 4:9-12)
c) We are Justified by Grace and not by the Law (Romans 4:13-18)
d) The Courageous Faith of Abraham is our Example (Romans 4:19-25)

C - Justification Means a New Relationship with God and Men (Romans 5:1-21)
1. Peace, Hope, and Love Dwell in the Believer (Romans 5:1-5)
2. The Resurrected Christ Fulfills his Righteousness in us (Romans 5:6-11)
3. The Grace of Christ Overcame Death, Sin, and the Law (Romans 5:12-21)

D - The Power of God Delivers us from the Power of Sin (Romans 6:1 - 8:27)
1. The Believer Considers Himself Dead to Sin (Romans 6:1-14)
2. Freedom from the Law Facilitates our Deliverance from Sin (Romans 6:15-23)

3. Deliverance from the Law Delivers us to the Service of Christ (Romans 7:1-6)
4. The Law Prompts the Sinner to Sin (Romans 7:7-13)
5. Man without Christ always Fails before Sin (Romans 7:14-25)

6. In Christ, Man is Delivered from Sin, Death, and Condemnation (Romans 8:1-11)
7. We are Children of God through the Dwelling of the Holy Spirit in us (Romans 8:12-17)
8. The Three Unique Groanings (Romans 8:18-27)
E - Our faith Continues Forever (Romans 8:28-39)
1. God’s Plan of Salvation Acclaims our Forthcoming Glory (Romans 8:28-30)
2. The Truth of Christ Guarantees our Fellowship with God in Spite of all Troubles (Romans 8:31-39)

PART 2 - The Righteousness of God is Immovable even after The Hardening of the Children of Jacob, His Chosen Ones (Romans 9:1 - 11:36)
1. Paul’s Anxiety for his Lost People (Romans 9:1-3)
2. The Spiritual Privileges of the Chosen People (Romans 9:4-5)
3. God Remains Righteous even if the Majority of Israel were against Him (Romans 9:6-29)
a) The Promises of God do not Concern the Natural Seed of Abraham (Romans 9:6-13)
b) God Selects whom He has Mercy on, and whom He Wills He Hardens (Romans 9:14-18)
c) The Parable of the Potter and his Vessel Belongs to the Jews and Christians (Romans 9:19-29)

4. The Righteousness of God is only Attained by Faith, and not by Attempting to Keep the Law (Romans 9:30 - 10:21)
a) The Jews Neglect the Righteousness of God which is Attained by Faith, and they Stick to the Works of the Law (Romans 9:30 - 10:3)
b) The Aggravation of the Offense of the Israelite People Because God was more Merciful to them than to any other People (Romans 10:4-8)
c) The Absolute Necessity of the Testimony of the Gospel among the Children of Jacob (Romans 10:9-15)
d) Is Israel Responsible for their Unbelief? (Romans 10:16-21)

5. The Hope of the Children of Jacob (Romans 11:1-36)
a) The Holy Remnant Exists (Romans 11:1-10)
b) Would that the Salvation in the Believers of the Gentiles incite Jealousy in the Children of Jacob (Romans 11:11-15)
c) Warning the Believers of the Gentiles of being Proud toward the Children of Jacob (Romans 11:16-24)
d) The Secret of Deliverance and Salvation of the Children of Jacob in the last Days (Romans 11:25-32)
e) The Apostle’s Worship (Romans 11:33-36)

PART 3 - The Righteousness of God Appears in the Life of The Followers of Christ (Romans 12:1 - 15:13)
1. The Sanctification of your Life is Attained through your full Commitment to God (Romans 12:1-2)
2. Do not be Proud, but Serve your Lord in the Groups of Believers with the Gift that has been given to you (Romans 12:3-8)
3. We must Learn Brotherly Love and Train Ourselves in it (Romans 12:9-16)
4. Love your Enemies and Opponents (Romans 12:17-21)

5. Be Obedient to your Authorities (Romans 13:1-6)
6. A Summary of the Commandments Concerning Men (Romans 13:7-10)
7. The Practical Result of the Knowledge that Christ is coming again (Romans 13:11-14)

8. The Particular Problems of the Church of Rome (Romans 14:1-12)
9. Do not Enrage your Neighbor for Unimportant Reasons (Romans 14:13-23)

10. How those who are Strong in Faith ought to Behave towards Unexpected Problems (Romans 15:1-5)
11. Christ Overcame all the Differences Between the Believers of the Jews, and those of the Gentiles (Romans 15:6-13)
Supplement to PART 3 - Special Reports on Paul’s Character to the Leaders of the Church in Rome (Romans 15:14 – 16:27)
1. Paul’s Worthiness to write this Epistle (Romans 15:14-16)
2. The Secret of Paul’s Ministry (Romans 15:17-21)
3. Paul’s Expectations in his Journeys (Romans 15:22-33)

4. Paul’s List of the Names of the Saints known to him in the Church of Rome (Romans 16:1-9)
5. The Continuation of Paul’s List of the Saints known to him in the Church of Rome (Romans 16:10-16)
6. A Warning against the Deceivers (Romans 16:17-20)
7. Greetings from Paul’s fellow Workers (Romans 16:21-24)
8. Paul’s Doxology, as a Concluding Part of his Epistle (Romans 16:25-27)

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