Waters of Life

Biblical Studies in Multiple Languages

Search in "Hausa":
Home -- Hausa -- Matthew - 001 (Introduction)
This page in: -- Arabic -- Armenian -- Azeri -- Bulgarian -- Chinese -- English -- French -- Georgian -- HAUSA -- Hebrew -- Hungarian? -- Igbo -- Indonesian -- Javanese -- Latin? -- Peul -- Polish -- Russian -- Somali -- Spanish? -- Uzbek -- Yiddish -- Yoruba

Next Lesson

MATIYU - KU TUBA, DOMIN MULKIN ALLAH YA KUSANTO!
Nazarin cikin Bisharar Almasihu bisa ga Matiyu

GABATARWA


Rubuta Bisharar Almasihu A cewar Matiyu

Mutane da yawa sun shaida rayuwa, jawabai, mutuwa, da tashin Almasihu. Mun koya daga shaidar waɗannan mutane cewa Kristi bai rubuta littattafai ba, ko da yake ya iya rubutu cikin Ibrananci. Shine maganar Allah ya zama jiki. Ya yi aiki da abin da ya fada, da halinsa da tsarin rayuwarsa kuma ya samar da bisharar a buɗe ga duk mai son gaskiya. Maganarsa ta fi koyarwa. Ikon Allah ne mai amfani. Kalmar "bishara" tana nuna "labari mai daɗi", domin tana ba da yalwar alherin Allah da alherinsa ta wurin Almasihu Yesu.

Linjila huɗu

Kalmar "bishara" ana nufinta azaman fassarar Hellenanci "bishara" wanda ke nuna "bishara" ko "labari mai daɗi." Bishara ita ce shelar bisharar ceto. Wannan kalma wani lokaci tana matsayin rikodin rayuwar Ubangijinmu Yesu Kiristi (Markus 1: 1) da kuma rungumar dukkan koyarwarsa (Ayukan Manzanni 20:24).

Amma yanzu kalmar "bishara" da farko tana bayyana sakon da Kiristanci yake wa'azinsa. "Labari mai dadi" shine mahimmancin sa. Bisharar kyauta ce daga Allah. Sanarwa ne na gafarar zunubai da 'yanci tare da Allah wanda aka maido ta cikin Kristi.

Ruhun Ubangiji ya sanya mana hannu hudu littattafai masu rikodin rayuwar Kristi kamar yadda aka bayyana wa marubutansa, masu bishara, Matta, Markus, Luka, da Yahaya. Biyu daga cikin waɗannan marubutan almajiran Kristi na kud da kud ne. Sauran biyun abokan tafiya ne na manzanninsa. Sun karɓi labarin daidai daga manzannin. Idan muka kalli Linjila, zamu ga cewa Linjila guda uku na farko suna da kamanceceniya. Wasu lokuta kalmomin iri ɗaya ko masu alaƙa sun bayyana a cikin kowane, duk da cewa kowannensu ya ambaci labarai na musamman game da rayuwar Kristi waɗanda ɗayan ba su ambata ba. Don haka kowane Linjila yana da yanayinsa na musamman.

Wanene Matiyu?

Matiyu ɗayan manzannin Yesu Almasihu ne goma sha biyu (Matiyu 10: 1-4). Ya kasance mutumin Galila (Dokar 2: 7). Sunan sa na asali "Lawi ɗan Alphaeus" (Markus 2:14; Luka 5:29). "Matiyu" yana nuna "kyautar Ubangiji." Babban biki da Matiyu ya yi a gidansa don Yesu, wanda ya gayyato masu karɓan haraji da masu zunubi da yawa, ya kasance a kan lokacin da ya ji daɗin amsa kiran Ubangiji. Amma bai yi sharhi a kansa ba saboda tawali'unsa.

Matsayin Matta, a farkon, yana tattara haraji ga gwamnatin Rome. Irin waɗannan mutane Yahudawa suka ƙi kuma suka raina su waɗanda suka ɗauke su ba su cancanci zama ɗan asalin Bayahude ba. Masu karbar haraji galibi suna tare da masu zunubi da fitattu (Matiyu 9: 10-11, 18:17), kuma Farisiyawa suna yawan gunaguni game da tattaunawar Ubangiji da masu karɓar haraji, da shiga gidajensu (Luka 5:30, 15: 1- 1). 2, 19: 7). Amma alherin Allah an yi shi ne ga kowa ba tare da togiya ba kuma yana iya ceton mafi munin masu zunubi. Ya kira Matiyu daga ofishin haraji na Roman ya zama manzon Ubangiji Yesu Kristi. Bayan ya kasance masifa ga Yahudawa ta hanyar karɓar haraji daga wurinsu, alherin Allah ya sa Matiyu ya zama “baiwar Allah” ta bishararsa. Shi ya sa bai ji kunyar kiran kansa "Matiyu mai karɓar haraji" (Matiyu 10: 3).

Halayyar Injila A cewar Matiyu

Bisharar bisa ga Matiyu ta kawo cikin ra'ayi: Kiran Almasihu ga waɗanda ke aiki da masu nauyi (Babi na 11); wasu misalai game da ci gaban mulkin Allah (Babi na 13); kwatancin mugu bawa da malalo marasa aiki a gonar inabin (Fasali 20); da kuma misalin 'yan mata goma masu hikima da wawaye, da bayanin hukuncin karshe (Fasali 25).

Bisharar Asali Aramaic

Linjila guda uku na farko sun gabatar da zababbun ra'ayi game da rayuwa da maganganun Kristi. A bayyane yake cewa waɗannan manzannin uku - kafin su rubuta Linjilarsu cikin Hellenanci — sun tattara kuma sun ba da labarin abin da ya faru a lokacin rayuwar Kristi da abin da ya faɗa da yaren Aramaic wanda shi ne tushen da duk masu bishara suka rubuta Linjilarsu (Luka 1: 1-4) , Yahaya 20:30).

Wanene Ya Rubuta Bisharar Matiyu?

Matiyu, marubucin Bishara na farko kuma mafi tsayi, ya kasance shugaban masu karɓar haraji. Jama'a sun raine shi saboda kasancewarsa kwararren jami'in da ke yiwa jihar mamaya. Sunan sa na asali "Lawi" (Markus 2:14, Luka 5:27). Amma Kristi ya ba shi sabon suna, "Matiyu", watau "baiwar Allah".

Shaida mafi tsufa game da Linjilar Matiyu ana iya samun ta cikin rubuce-rubucen Papias, wani dattijo na cocin. Mun karanta a cikin bayanansa cewa Matiyu ya tattara maganganun Ubangiji, na farko a cikin Aramaic. An tabbatar da wannan ta hanyar kalmomi da yawa da aka rubuta a cikin lafazin su na Aramaic a Linjila, kamar "raca" (mara ƙima), da "mammon" (dukiya, kuɗi, arziki). Abu ne mai yuwuwa cewa manzannin sun damƙa Matiyu, wanda ya fi su fasaha a cikin harsuna, tare da tattarawa da fassarar kalmomin Kristi zuwa Girkanci, ƙarƙashin kulawarsu.

Shaidun cikin gida kuma suna ba da ƙarfi ga gaskiyar cewa marubucin Matta ne, mai karɓar haraji, la'akari da cewa wannan Linjilar ta ambaci kuɗaɗe daban-daban fiye da kowace Bishara. Injila, a zahiri, yana nufin ƙungiyoyin kuɗi guda uku waɗanda ba a ambaci wani wuri a cikin Sabon Alkawari ba. Bisharar Matiyu kawai ta ambaci “drachma biyu” (Matta 17:24), da “stater” (Matta 17:27), da “baiwa” (Matta 18:24), wanda ke nuna cewa marubucin wannan Bishara ya saba da nau'ikan kuɗaɗe da yawa kuma yana da sha'awar ganowa da bayyana mahimmancinsu ga mabiyan. Haka nan kuma za a ambaci cewa a cikin Linjilarsa, Matta yana nufin kansa, a tsakanin sauran almajiran Kristi, a matsayin "Matiyu, mai karɓar haraji" a matsayin abin da ke nuni da tawali'unsa, yayin da Markus da Luka suka kira shi "Matiyu" ambata ambaton sifa ta "mai karɓar haraji." Wannan tawali'un na Matiyu ya bayyana a cikin rashin ambata takamaiman bayanai da zasu iya magana game da shi cikin kyawawan kalmomi. Bai ambaci cewa ya yi idin ga Yesu ba. Ya yi maganar zaman Yesu a “cikin gida” (Matta 9:10) ba tare da ya fada gidan waye ba, yayin da Luka ya ambata (Luka 5:29) cewa Matiyu ya ba Kristi “babban biki”. A cikin Linjilarsa, Matiyu bai ambaci labarin Zacchaeus da almara na Bafarisi da mai karɓar haraji (Luka 19: 1-10; 18: 9-14) wataƙila domin duka suna nuna yabo ga imanin mai karɓar harajin.

Jawabin Yesu guda shida

Maganar Kristi a cikin Injilar Matiyu na iya kasu kashi shida cikakkun sassa, a tsari a jere, kuma ba tare da maimaita ra'ayoyi ba. Matiyu ya bi koyarwar Ubangijinsa ne mataki-mataki. Na farko, ya kawo tsarin mulkin masarautar sama (Fasali na 10), sannan asirin ci gabanta (Fasali na 13), sannan kungiyar ta ciki (Babi na 18), kaito game da makiya masarautarsa (Babi na 23) ), kuma a qarshe bayyanarsa game da dawowar mulkinsa (Babi na 24, 25). Ambaton waɗannan maganganun na Yesu ita ce dukiya mafi tamani a cikin Linjilar Matiyu wanda ya cancanci cikakken nazari da bimbini.

Dalilin Linjilar Matiyu

Manufa ta musamman da Matiyu yake gani a cikin Linjilarsa ita ce gabatar da cikakkun al'adun Kristi ta hanyar tabbatar wa mutanen Yahudawa cewa Yesu Banazare shi ne Almasihun da aka annabta, ɗan Dawuda da ɗan Ibrahim. Matta yana yawan faɗowa daga Tsohon Alkawari fiye da kowane mai bishara don tabbatar da cewa Yesu shine Almasihun da aka yi alkawarinsa wanda a ciki za'a sami cikarwa da fahimtar annabcin Almasihu game da annabawan Tsohon Alkawari da masu gani. Dangane da haka, ana ɗaukar Bisharar sa mafi kyawun littafi don ginawa da ƙarfafa masu bi ta wurin zurfafa zurfafawa cikin koyarwar Kristi. Yana da kyau, a lokaci guda, yana da kyau don wa'azin ga 'ya'yan Ibrahim da kuma kawo su ga Mai Ceton su wanda ya ɗauki kansa, hukuncin Allah a maimakon su.

Waɗannan dalilai guda biyu “wa’azi da koyarwa” suna da alaƙa ta ban mamaki a cikin Injilar Matiyu cewa shine littafi na farko a Sabon Alkawari, yana ɗaukaka Yesu, Almasihu na Allah.

Ranar Rubuta Bishara A cewar Matiyu

An rubuta wannan Bishara mai ban mamaki kusan shekara ta 58 AD - kimanin shekaru 25 bayan gicciye shi. Masana sun yarda cewa an rubuta shi ne kafin halakar Urushalima a shekara ta 70 AD, saboda ba ta bayar da rahoton faɗuwar Urushalima da haikalin ba amma, akasin haka, ya bayyana waɗannan abubuwan har yanzu a nan gaba (don Allah koma zuwa 23: 37-38 ; 24: 1-2). Bugu da ƙari, Matiyu ya ba da rahoton gargaɗi da yawa a cikin Linjilarsa a kan Sadukiyawa waɗanda suka rasa ikonsu da ikonsu bayan halakar Urushalima.

Mun sami a cikin wannan Bisharar maganganun gaskiya game da kalmomi da ayyukan Jagoranmu Yesu Kiristi wanda ya kira mu mu bi shi kamar yadda ya kira Matta.

TAMBAYA

  1. Wanene Matiyu, kuma ta yaya ya gabatar da kansa?
  2. Menene halayen Injila bisa ga Matiyu?
  3. Menene dalilin Bishara bisa ga Matiyu?

www.Waters-of-Life.net

Page last modified on December 02, 2021, at 04:16 AM | powered by PmWiki (pmwiki-2.3.3)